Ancient

Your awesome Tagline

40,916 notes

ritterlied:

joachimmurat:

archdrude:

The Amazing Connections Between the Inca and Egyptian Cultures 

"The ancient Egyptians (in Africa) and the ancient pre-Incas/Incas (in South America) evolved on opposite sides of the globe and were never in contact.

Yet, both cultures mysteriously possessed the same strikingly identical body of ancient art, architecture, symbolism, mythology and religion.

The Victorian era scholars, faced with this enigma, concluded that both cultures must have been children of the same Golden Age parent civilization, “Atlantis.”

Today, Egyptian/Inca parallels are not only being ignored by American and Western scholars, they’re being suppressed.

Many baffling and unsolved similarities link the ancient Egyptians and the ancient pre-Incas/Incas ― even though both cultures evolved on opposite sides of the planet, separated by oceans” Read More

Peru and Egypt are quite a long way away from each other…even though it seems like the only way they ever could’ve met it seems a huge bother to sail all the way across the Atlantic, around the southern tip of South America, and all the way back up to the top just to say hi to another civilization. Or vice versa.
Then again, the Egyptians and Incas did bother to built huge stone buildings in really tough places to build huge stone things, so maybe they were more determined than we thought.

Maybe they had instant messenger and didn’t tell anyone about it or it’s another one of those really weird coincidences. Either that or aliens.

It’s nothing but pseudoscience and conspiracy theories. Lots of cultures developed a lot of different things independently from one another (there’s an anthropological term for this but I can’t remember it off-hand) . It’s because humans aren’t so different from one another and *gasp* the laws of physics are the same everywhere you go. Pyramids and other similar structures are simple and practical designs. It’s the same reason you find that the development of stone tools happened independently at different times by different cultures all over the world.

Also, triremes and other ancient boats were incapable of making long distance sea voyages so contact between the Egyptians and Incans/Pre-Incans would have been impossible. They had a hard enough time in the Mediterranean (sailors would hug coastlines because it was safer), let alone making a long-distance journey in open waters. Even still, these cultures were developing at different times and if the Egyptians showed the Pre-Incan/Incan cultures how to build pyramids, the former would have been building smooth sided ones (being the culmination of centuries of Egyptian pyramid construction). There’s also the fact that Pre-Incans (Moche and Chimú cultures) were developing thousands of years after the pyramids were built. At that time Egypt was under Roman occupation and in later centuries after the Arab conquest was the Fatimid Caliphate (after the Black Death and when the Incan civilization fell to the Spanish was when the Ottomans took over).

Honestly when I see these kinds of posts all I can of is how folks whip this shit up and all it does is discredit cultures of their ingenuity and distribute incorrect history.

78 notes

mortisia:

Hatshepsut

(/hætˈʃɛpsʊt/; also Hatchepsut; meaning Foremost of Noble Ladies; 1508–1458 BC) was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt. She is generally regarded by Egyptologists as one of the most successful pharaohs, reigning longer than any other woman of an indigenous Egyptian dynasty. According to Egyptologist James Henry Breasted she is also known as "the first great woman in history of whom we are informed." Hatshepsut was the daughter of Thutmose I and his primary wife Ahmes. Her husband Thutmose II was the son of Thutmose I and a secondary wife named Mutneferet, who carried the title King’s daughter and was probably a child of Ahmose I. Hatshepsut and Thutmose II had a daughter named Neferure. Thutmose II fathered Thutmose III with Iset, a secondary wife. Hatshepsut established the trade networks that had been disrupted during the Hyksos occupation of Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, thereby building the wealth of the eighteenth dynasty. She oversaw the preparations and funding for a mission to the Land of Punt. Hatshepsut was one of the most prolific builders in ancient Egypt, commissioning hundreds of construction projects. Arguably, her buildings were grander and more numerous than those of any of her Middle Kingdom predecessors’. Later pharaohs attempted to claim some of her projects as theirs. Following the tradition of most pharaohs, Hatshepsut had monuments constructed at the Temple of Karnak (second photo). She also restored the original Precinct of Mut, the ancient great goddess of Egypt, at Karnak that had been ravaged by the foreign rulers during the Hyksos occupation. It later was ravaged by other pharaohs, who took one part after another to use in their pet projects and awaits restoration. She had twin obelisks, at the time the tallest in the world, erected at the entrance to the temple. One still stands, as the tallest surviving ancient obelisk on Earth; the other has broken in two and toppled. Following the tradition of many pharaohs, the masterpiece of Hatshepsut’s building projects was her mortuary temple (third picture). She built hers in a complex at Deir el-Bahri. It was designed and implemented by Senemut at a site on the West Bank of the Nile River near the entrance to what now is called the Valley of the Kings because of all the pharaohs who later chose to associate their complexes with the grandeur of hers. Her buildings were the first grand ones planned for that location.The focal point was the Djeser-Djeseru or "the Sublime of Sublimes", a colonnaded structure of perfect harmony nearly one thousand years before the Parthenon was built. Djeser-Djeseru sits atop a series of terraces that once were graced with lush gardens. Djeser-Djeseru is built into a cliff face that rises sharply above it. Djeser-Djeseru and the other buildings of Hatshepsut’s Deir el-Bahri complex are considered to be significant advances in architecture. [x]

1,070 notes

ancientart:

The Sphinx Gate of Alaca Höyük, Turkey.

Showing strong evidence for Egyptian influence, the Hittite Sphinx Gate likely served as the main entrance into Alaca Höyük, and is located near the palace area.

Photos courtesy & taken by Samuel Tristán.

(via ritterlied)

1,824 notes

glencairnmuseum:

Anubis, the god of the dead and embalming, is represented as a jackal-like animal. Here he is depicted on a linen shroud, which would have completely enveloped a mummified body. (Late Ptolemaic Period or Roman Period; in Glencairn’s Ancient Egypt Gallery.)

glencairnmuseum:

Anubis, the god of the dead and embalming, is represented as a jackal-like animal. Here he is depicted on a linen shroud, which would have completely enveloped a mummified body. (Late Ptolemaic Period or Roman Period; in Glencairn’s Ancient Egypt Gallery.)

(via ancientart)

4,743 notes

isgandar:

Setting of the sun in Hathor Temple at Dendera."A winged setting sun is swallowed by the sky goddess Nut on the astronomical ceiling in the outer hypostyle hall of the Hathor Temple at Dendera. The ceiling consists of seven separate strips but here we are looking the southern end of the WESTERNMOST STRIP. The entire strip is enveloped by the outstretched body of the sky goddess Nut but we see only the upper part of her body in this picture. After swallowing the sun it will travel through her body and she will give birth to it in the morning at the other end of the strip. On the right we see the beginning of the two registers which make up the rest of this ceiling strip. In the upper register the two standing goddesses who have a star above their head are personifications of the first and second hour of the night. The goat-headed fish between them is the zodiac sign Capricorn.There are six zodiac signs depicted in the entire westernmost strip and the other six can be found on the easternmost ceiling strip of the hall. These signs are of Babylonic-Greek origin and are not found in Egypt before it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 BC.The bull-headed bird above the fish-goat personifies the planet Saturn.The god in the boat is decanal star number 17. In fact, the lower register of the westernmost strip is entirely filled with figures who are standing or sitting in boats. These are the decans, 36 stars or star groups near the ecliptic whose rise or transit could be used to tell the time during the night. Eventually they were also used by astronomers as place-markers in the sky to divide up the Ecliptic in equal portions. Decans first appear during the Middle Kingdom on the inside of coffin lids, providing the deceased with his own private start clock. Unfortunately, during the subsequent centuries many different lists of decanal stars were developed and very few of these stars can be identified on a modern star map. The decans in this register were listed by Neugebauer and Parker as stars 1 till 17 and 36 of the Tanis decan family. Stars 18 till 35 can be found on the easternmost ceiling strip.This part of the Dendera Temple was built during the Roman period (first century AD).”
Photo Mick Palarczyk.

isgandar:

Setting of the sun in Hathor Temple at Dendera.

"A winged setting sun is swallowed by the sky goddess Nut on the astronomical ceiling in the outer hypostyle hall of the Hathor Temple at Dendera. The ceiling consists of seven separate strips but here we are looking the southern end of the WESTERNMOST STRIP. The entire strip is enveloped by the outstretched body of the sky goddess Nut but we see only the upper part of her body in this picture. After swallowing the sun it will travel through her body and she will give birth to it in the morning at the other end of the strip. 
On the right we see the beginning of the two registers which make up the rest of this ceiling strip. 
In the upper register the two standing goddesses who have a star above their head are personifications of the first and second hour of the night. The goat-headed fish between them is the zodiac sign Capricorn.
There are six zodiac signs depicted in the entire westernmost strip and the other six can be found on the easternmost ceiling strip of the hall. These signs are of Babylonic-Greek origin and are not found in Egypt before it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 BC.
The bull-headed bird above the fish-goat personifies the planet Saturn.
The god in the boat is decanal star number 17. In fact, the lower register of the westernmost strip is entirely filled with figures who are standing or sitting in boats. These are the decans, 36 stars or star groups near the ecliptic whose rise or transit could be used to tell the time during the night. Eventually they were also used by astronomers as place-markers in the sky to divide up the Ecliptic in equal portions. Decans first appear during the Middle Kingdom on the inside of coffin lids, providing the deceased with his own private start clock. Unfortunately, during the subsequent centuries many different lists of decanal stars were developed and very few of these stars can be identified on a modern star map. The decans in this register were listed by Neugebauer and Parker as stars 1 till 17 and 36 of the Tanis decan family. Stars 18 till 35 can be found on the easternmost ceiling strip.
This part of the Dendera Temple was built during the Roman period (first century AD).”

Photo Mick Palarczyk.

(Source: paulsmit.smugmug.com, via oakbrothers)

765 notes

ancientart:

An Egyptian artist’s sketch of pharaoh spearing a lion.

New Kingdom, Dynasty 20, ca. 1186–1070 B.C.E.

In this lively hunting scene, an unidentified Ramesside pharaoh is represented symbolically slaying the enemies of Egypt in the form of a lion.

The hieratic text reads: “The slaughter of every foreign land, the Pharaoh—may he live, prosper, and be healthy.”

This ostracon, a limestone chip used for sketching, was found in the Valley of the Kings during excavations conducted by Howard Carter on behalf of the Earl of Carnarvon, who received the piece in the division of finds. Although many of the figured ostraca discovered in this royal cemetery were clearly trial sketches made to facilitate an artist’s work, this scene is not found in royal tombs, nor do the figures conform to the strict proportions of a formal rendering.

The scene was drawn with great economy of line by the confident hand of a skilled artist who required no grid lines as a guide. It may have been done for the amusement of the maker, or it may graphically represent the artist’s hope that the ruler should be a strong protector of Egypt.

Courtesy & currently located at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, via their online collections.